Athletes with Concussions

By the numbers

  • 4 to 5 million concussions occur annually, with rising numbers among middle school athletes
  • An estimated 5.3 million Americans live with a traumatic brain injury-related disability
  • 33% of all sports concussions happen at practice
  • 39% of cumulative concussions are shown to increase catastrophic head injury leading to permanent neurologic disability


What is a concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs when a head impact jerks or shakes the brain inside the skull. The neural pathways in the brain can become damaged when the brain crashes into the skull. These events may cause neurological disturbances. Fatal swelling and bleeding can also occur during a concussion. Common causes of concussions are car accidents, bike accidents, and fights. Participation in soccer, football, skiing, boxing, hockey, and other related sports can also result in concussions (Source).

Chronic Pain

By the numbers

  • Pain affects more Americans than diebetes, heart disease, and cancer combined
  • About 100 million Americans suffer from chronic pain 
  • Pain can become a chronic disease
  • Chronic pain is the most common cause of long-term disability 


What is Chronic Pain?

A physical and emotional toll is taken on an individual when signals of pain remain active in the nervous system for months or years. Headaches, joint pain, pain from injury, and backaches are all common sources pain may stem from. Chronic pain also includes tendinitis, sinus pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and pain affecting specific parts of the body. Generalized muscle and nerve pain can also become chronic. Symptoms of chronic pain include fatigue, sleeplessness, weakened immune system, anxiety, stress, and disability (Source).




Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

By the numbers

  • 7-8 out of every 100 people will have PTSD at some point (Source)
  • 5.2 million adults have PTSD during a given year (Source)
  • 10 of every 100 women develop PTSD in their lives
  • 4 of every 100 men develop PTSD in their lives


What is PTSD?

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is categorized within anxiety disorders in the DSM-V. It is a condition that is triggered by either experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event (Source). It may develop after exposure to extremely traumatic events such as an accident, combat, a death of a loved one, or natural disaster. PTSD is characterized by eight criterions - stressors, intrusion symptoms, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions and mood, alterations in arousal and reactivity, duration of symptoms, functional significance, and exclusion. Re-experiencing a traumatic event, intrusive recollections, hyperarousal, emotional numbing, vicarious stressors, traumatic nightmares, and flashbacks are some of the many symptoms of an individual with PTSD. It can become so severe that it impairs the daily activities of participants.

Alzheimer's Disease

By the numbers

  • Every 67 seconds someone in the United States develops Alzheimer's Disease 
  • More than 5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's Disease
  • 1 in 3 seniors dies with Alzheimer's Disease or another form of dementia
  • Alzheimer's Disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States


What is Alzheimer's Disease?

Alzheimer's Disease is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking, and behavior. It is the most common type of dementia, accounting for 60-80 percent of dementia cases. Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease usually develop slowly. It begins with difficulty remembering newly learned information and develops to become severe enough to interfere with daily life. Individuals with late-stage Alzheimer's Disease are no longer able to carry on a conversation or respond to their environment. The average life expectancy for an individual with Alzheimer's Disease is eight years after their symptoms become noticeable. However, survival can range depending on age and other health conditions. There is currently no cure for Alzheimer's Disease, but there are drug and non-drug treatments available to temporarily slow both cognitive and behavioral symptoms.

ALZ Brain Scan